Saturday, May 23, 2020

The Happiness System, By Daniel Nettle - 997 Words

Happiness is something we as a human race value and treasure, but obtaining it and maintaining its presence in our lives can prove to be a difficult and exhausting task. Daniel Nettle writes that: â€Å"Most of us understand that the big issue in life is not being joyful, which is at best going to be an occasional perk, but being happy in the sense of generally satisfied overall (33).† Throughout his novel, Nettles explores the depths of happiness and what it means to experience it in all forms and aspects across generations and cultures, and how it helps develop us into the people that we are, and our success as a living species. The happiness system is designed to help us gain a better understanding of our core values, and to push us to continually strive to excel. Stagnancy is not beneficial to our relative fitness as a human race, and we must remain motivated by some force to avoid its grasp, as it has been proven over time to be a deadly mechanism of nature. Our â€Å"h appiness† will be discovered as a result of not just what we choose to pursue in life, but how we choose to pursue it, and the fact we even chose to pursue it at all. Because happiness is in itself hard to define, psychologists have developed a scale of various levels of happiness to help describe it. But to understand the levels, one must first be introduced to the idea of â€Å"flow.† As defined by Nettles, flow is a â€Å"state characterized by total absorption in a challenging activity for which the individual has theShow MoreRelatedHappiness : The Science Behind Your Smile By Daniel Nettle942 Words   |  4 PagesValenzuela November 26, 2016 PSY 104 Final Paper Happiness In the book Happiness: The Science Behind Your Smile by Daniel Nettle he states that happiness offers a remarkable portrait of feelings that poets, politicians, and philosophers all agree truly make the world go around. Nettle is currently at Newcastle University in the United Kingdom and is the Co-director of the center for behavioral and evolution. He mainly studies humans. Nettle is a behavioral biologist that that has interest in evolution

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

The Growth Of The Internet - 1911 Words

environment and include a brief comparison of different approaches. With the growth of the internet comes a great deal of electronic commerce, neatly and commonly referred to as E-Commerce. This concept is a fast growing industry that allows its participants to buy or sell products and services to each other using electronic devices via the Internet. With this increasingly huge industry comes a danger of security among its users. It is quite a concern to the general public that they may have their personal and financial information leaked through the internet from security threats. To counteract these threats, we must not overlook a few fundamental elements of transaction security, typically generalized as: - confidentiality - integrity - authentication - availability - non-repudiation - authorization Confidentiality is an element defined by the protection of a user’s information from other parties than the recipient. Integrity enables the recipient to ensure that the information provided to them by any sender is correct and accurate. This element is usually confused with confidentiality because it is often involved in the same technologies as confidentiality. Authentication is the confirmation of a user, typically to ensure that they or their data is authentic, i.e. safe. Availability, usually associated with online stores, ensure that certain information – or in the case of online stores; that products or services – are ready and in stock before a transaction takesShow MoreRelatedThe Growth Of The Internet1874 Words   |  8 Pageswe teach our children, communicate and interact as individuals.† (Gerstner L., 1996). The growth of the internet has changed the way that consumers buy and the way that brands and consumer will communicate with one another as a consequence of this. The growth of the internet has had a serious impact within the market industry and each business will need to take this into account. As a result of the growth the communication models have been restructured to keep up-to-date with the consumer’s wantsRead MoreThe Growth Of The Internet Essay2269 Words   |  10 Pagesbeen given the opportunities to use the Internet more frequently and more conveniently. According to Internet Live Stats, around forty percent of the world population are Internet users. In other words, about 3.5 billion individuals, more than double the population of the world’s most populous country China, can get access to the Internet at home by any devices with varied types and connections. There are many reasons leading to the rapid growth of the Internet, but one of the biggest reasons is theRead MoreThe Growth Of The Internet1030 Words   |  5 Pages Introduction The growth of the internet has had a positive effect on various aspects of human activities ranging from professional life to social life. More people are having access to the internet with time and the products and services offered through the internet are increasing. Online streaming is one of the services that have experienced a surge because of improved quality and access to the internet. Online video streaming from paid or free online channels are very popularRead MoreThe Growth Of The Internet2368 Words   |  10 Pagespurpose of this essay is to discuss how the growth of the internet is altering the relationship between consumers and brands and also the opportunities that are now available to retail marketers. Key points that will be focussed on in this essay are; the characteristics of the internet and their implications, communication models available to marketers, the market environment online and the overall impact the internet has on consumer behaviour. The internet is available for use 24/7 worldwide and onRead MoreEssay On The Growth Of The Internet1378 Words   |  6 PagesDue to the immense progress in growth of the internet, massive quantities of data are constantly produced. This exponential increase is correlated with the arrival of modern technology in various sectors such as healthcare, banking and finance, engineering, and energy. There is a noticeable surge in volume of information being shared on platforms such as Google, Twitter and Stack Overflow. Given the tremendous amount of data, it is essential to draw meaningful results from this dataset. The aim ofRead MoreThe Growth Of Internet And Computer Technologies1290 Words   |  6 PagesQ1. The growth of Internet and computer technologies have created new opportunities to better serve the corporations and consumers. Describe 3 new technologies that have changed the ways people communicate or the ways companies conduct their business. ANS: New technologies offer services and products that otherwise would be too difficult, costly, or time-consuming and the Internet allows traditional competitors to introduce new products and services and lure customers away. It helps a lot in costRead MoreDatabase Management System And Growth Of Internet1670 Words   |  7 Pagesand the growth of Internet I. Executive Summary A. Database management system B. Growth of Internet II. Background A. Database 1. History 2. Creation of database 3. Development 4. Today’s market place B. Internet 1. History 2. Growth of Internet 3. Market position 4. Customers C. Situations 1. Cost Structure 2. Development III. Problems A. Causes B. Nature C. Consequences IV. Solution A. Demand B. Innovation V. Conclusion Database Management system and Growth of Internet Case studyRead MoreCloud Computing Is A Part Of Internet Growth1015 Words   |  5 PagesCloud computing is a part of internet growth, it’s the next generation of internet. Cloud computing deliver everything –computing resource, infrastructure, application, and business process to personal collaboration – and can be access as service wherever and whenever through various devices. The cloud itself is a set of hardware, networks, storages, services, and interface that enable to delivery of computing as services based on user demand. (Hurwitz, J, 2009) From the various definition of cloudRead MoreThe Growth Of Internet Coupled With The Rise Of Multimedia Piracy1566 Words   |  7 PagesAbstract. The growth of internet coupled with the rise in networked infrastructure has resulted in exponential increase in the multimedia content being shared over the communication networks. The advancement in technology has resulted in increase in multimedia piracy. This is due to the fact that it is very easy to copy, duplicate and distributes multimedia content using current day technology. In such a scenario Digital Rights Management is one of the prominent issues to be dealt with and tremendousRead MoreThe Impact Of Internet On The Field Of Plant Growth And Agriculture1955 Words   |  8 Pagestechnology and data, these resources can be better utilized. Data and data analysis will allow these systems to be optimized to produce more and waste less. The goal of this project is to use data and apply it to the field of plant growth and agricult ure. The Internet of Things (IoT) is a data driven technology that seeks to integrate and connect everyday devices and sensors. This data infrastructure can be used for a variety of applications such as home automation, industrial manufacturing, healthcare

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Unit 6 Healthy Environment Free Essays

Unit 6 Promoting a Healthy Environment for Children E1) Practitioners can work on promoting and maintain a healthy lifestyle and environment by: ? Allowing children to have a balanced diet, this can be done by encouraging children to eat their five-a-day. By reading books and poems that they can join into, this will help children to remember the importance of having a balanced diet. By having fruit and vegetables provided for the children in school, helps them to eat at least on piece a day. We will write a custom essay sample on Unit 6 Healthy Environment or any similar topic only for you Order Now The School Fruit Vegetable scheme is a programme that helps to increase fruit vegetable intake. This is important as each child deserves a healthy start in life as it may influence their health in the future. The School Fruit Vegetable Scheme states: â€Å"By providing four to six year old children with an extra portion of fruit or vegetable each school day, along with a positive and enjoyable experience of eating fruit and vegetables, the scheme encourages children to develop positive attitudes towards fruit and vegetables. † (www. dh. gov. uk) ? If a child is allowed regular exercise it allows motivation of brain activity, aids the digestive system, develops bone density and maintains it and strengths the muscles. Physical activities such as practical training, P. E. , climbing frames and riding bikes help children to develop social skills as they are playing with each other. The British Heart Foundation proposes â€Å"That children and young people need at least one hour of moderate activity a day. † This does not have to be done at one time, but can be at different times during the day. As young children are still developing practitioners should allow them to have a stop-start approach to exercise, when children are feeling tired they should be allowed to sit down and rest for the amount of time they want before getting up and playing again. Practitioners should encourage children to do exercise outside of the setting as well as inside. They could do this by joining Walk to School 2008, when the practitioners talk about this with the children they are able to learn about the benefits of walking, road safety, awareness and the environment around them. 50% of children do not walk to school regularly and more are being driven to and from school, by being driven children are reducing their physical activity. ?Risk assessments identify and minimise risks, they are not created to make n environment risk free. Practitioners should encourage children to take risks, as long as they are managed and strongly supervised. By doing so they are promoting a healthy environment as all settings have risks, as long as these risks don’t stop children from doing anything they could help to create an enabling environment. Danks and Schofield state: â€Å"Life if full of risk, so the best way to prepare children for life is to ensure t hat they [learn] how to judge risk for themselves. † (Source: Danks, F. Schofield, J (2005) Nature’s Playground) E2/B1) There are many different types of legislations which helps to maintain that a child has a right to life, development, to be healthy and also the right for children to have an education. E3/E4) Factors such as housing, poverty, breast feeding and the child’s lifestyle may affect their health and well being at differing times in their lives. ?Housing affects the health of a child as it can cause a lot of diseases if the house is poorly maintained or designed the most remarkably is asthma. If a house is overcrowded it may be dangerous to a child’s health as diseases may be transmitted between each family member. Poverty is linked with poor housing as if a family was to live on a low income it would be harder for them to heat the house as it would be expensive. In addition to this home insurance would be expensive for families in poor housing as these areas would be more likely to be hit by crime. As families are living on a lower income the furniture may be unsafe as they haven’t got the money to fix or buy another one. Poor housing effects children’s social skills as the parents may feel that they don’t want the child’s friends around as they are ashamed of the way they are living. As a result to this the children may feel left out of discussions that are happening in their setting. Children may also feel they are losing out as they do not have the space at home to do any extra activities, such as homework. ?Diet and exercise is important to a child as it plays a main part in their development. Breast feeding a baby gives them the best nutritional start in life, over the months, the milk’s composition changes to meet the nutritional needs of the baby as it growing and developing. By breast feeding it lowers the risk of cardiovascular disease, is associated with better cognitive development and the milk contains antibodies which means the baby is less likely to get a disease in their earliest months of life. They are less likely to develop food allergies, respiratory and gastrointestinal illnesses and are less likely to become obese adults. When breastfeeding the mother and baby are able to build a bond between them, furthermore as there is no sterilising it is more hygienic. As breast milk needs no preparation it is always ready, always at the right temperature and free. Mothers who have a lower income are more likely to breast feed immediately after birth, then bottle feed. ?Families and their communities have an effect on children, as some families like to spend there spare time playing sports and others looking after animals. As more children are staying indoors to play with friends on game consoles, computers and watching television they are not allowing themselves to physical activity outdoors. In addition to this if children were to play indoors, they do not have enough space to run around, as children are always reminded not to run inside and to slow down. So unless activities are carefully organised it can be hard for a larger scale activity to happen, which is why fine motor skills activities are usually promoted indoors. If a child is living with a lone parent who has an abusive partner, this could have an effect on the child, as the child may see the abusive behaviour and feel this is the way he/she should behave towards their parent. This may affect the child’s mental health as well. E5) Mealtime routines include following the parents instructions, as some parents may want their child to eat at certain times as it follows the routine the child has at home. Sometimes the parents may want to work with the practitioners to establish a regular mealtime routine. All children have different diets, e. g. lactose intolerant, vegetarian, gluten and wheat free diet etc, and this should all be taking into consideration. Practitioners and the child’s family should talk about which foods are and are not appropriate for the child before starting the setting. Most children would prefer to use their fingers when eating, but should be given the opportunity to develop their skills by using a spoon, fork and then a knife. These should be the child sized versions and appropriate to the child’s age, level of development and culture. Children should also be encouraged to use the cutlery safely; in addition to this children should find mealtimes a pleasurable time and not feel like it is a battle zone. If children are put with other children it becomes a social experience of the eating there meal together. In the appendix, child K was observed while eating lunch, the intended learning objective was for her to use her spoon more instead of using her fingers to eat her lunch. When eating the child K behaved in a calm manner and followed the instructions that the practitioner had given her, when asked to use her spoon instead of her fingers. Child K was able to communicate with the practitioner in an effective way as she the practitioner to open the yogurt for her. By looking at the appendix, I can see that child K is becoming more confident when using her spoon, as she would use her fingers at certain times but then go back to using her spoon; she was also able to use a pincer grip. At certain times when she could not use the spoon to pick up food she resulted back to her fingers. So by the end of the observation I feel like the intended learning objective was successful. Naptime routines are needed as most young children need lots of sleep. When putting children to bed it can sometimes be a challenging time. This is because the child can become stressed in addition to this it could also be a time of warmth and security. As all children may not want to sleep, practitioners could create a relaxed and quite rest time for them. Some children may have outgrown the need for a daytime sleep in that case there should be a restful mood created where children can do some quite activities, such as completing a jigsaw which can help the body to unwind and rest. As all children are different they may have specific requirements to help them full asleep such as having a comforter or a glass/bottle of hot milk. If a child id with someone that is recognisable to them they may find it easier to fall asleep, then with someone that they are not so familiar with. As seen in the appendix, children between the ages of one and four years need an average of 10 and 14 hours sleep. As whilst asleep this is when the cells in the body and brain can repair themselves and are less vulnerable to illnesses and accidents. When the body is deprived of sleep a child’s concentration, temper and ability to learn is also affected. E6) Activity 1: Activity 😠 To grow watercress| (brief description)| | | We want the children to learn that growing part of their 5-a-day| | can be fun. In addition to this to help them try new foods, which| | they would have a hand in preparing. | This links with the EYFS as in Knowledge and Understanding of| What do we want| the World (Exploration and Investigation pg 80). The early| the children to| learning goals for a child aged 40-60+ months are:| learn? | ? Investigating objectives and materials by using all of their| (learning intentions)| senses as appropriate. | | ? Find out about, and identify, some features o f living things,| | objects and events they observe. | | ? Look closely at similarities, differences, patterns and change. | | ? Ask questions about why things happen and how things work. Number of children| Four| in group:| | Ages of children| 4 – 5 years old| the group:| | | In the weeks before the activity we will be the teaching the| | children about the importance of having 5-a-day and also about| How will the| how plants grow. On the day of the activity, which would be in the| activity be| morning, I would sit them on the carpet and explain to them what| introduced? | we are going to do which is growing our own watercress. I would| (What will the adult| explain to them that this would be done in groups of four, so if| be doing? What will| they are not chosen the first time they would be chosen| the children be| throughout the morning, so everyone will have a go. A certain are| doing? )| of the room will be cornered of for the activity and the children| | would be told that they are only allowed in this area if| | accompanied with an adult. | How will the| I and each child will have a plant pot in front of them. I will| activity be| demonstrate to the children what they have to do while| developed? | encouraging the children to follow my actions i. e. putting soil in| (What will the adult| the plant pot the pushing the seeds into the soil and after| be doing? What will| watering the plant. Lastly each child will take their plant pot to the| the children be| designated area on the window ledge, so that their plants are| doing? )| able to get light. | Resources:| Soil| | Watercress Seeds| | Water| | Plant pots| | | Key vocabulary/| Grow| questions:| How long do you think it will take for the watercress to start| | growing? | How will individual| If a child finishes early give them something else to do but| needs be met? | remind them to wash their hands. If a child has difficulty help| (Differentiation)| them along so they don’t feel left out. | Plenary? I will once again bring the children to the carpet and ask them if| (How will you bring| they enjoyed the activity. I would then explain to them that the| the activity to a| activity is no over and that everyday each child will get to water| close? How will you| their plan, so we are able to watch them grow. | focus on the purpose| After a month or two, when the plants have grown, we will use| of the activity? )| the watercress in a salad that we make. After this done each| | child will be able to take their plant home. | | | Activity 2: Activity 😠 Informing teenagers why protected sex is important| (brief description)| | What do we want| To understand why we must protect ourselves when having sex. | the children to| | learn? | | (learning intentions)| | Number of children| 28 in the class but for certain activities they will be split into groups| in group:| of four. | Ages of children the| 15 – 16 years old| group:| | | Send out a letter to parents informing them that their child would be| How will the activity| taking part in a series of activities about STIs (Sexual Transmitted| be introduced? | Infections) and if they did not want their child to take part in this,| (What will the adult| they could inform us. be doing? What will| After this letter had been sent out, I would remind the children who| the children be| are participating the day before. The morning of the activity I would| doing? )| remind the teenagers to be on their best behaviour and if they feel| | uncomfortable about anything they would be allowed to leave the| | classroom. | | Throughout the morning there will be a range of activities, the| | teenagers will first fill out a questionnaire of what they know about| How will the activity| STIs and how they think they are transmitted. After this they would| be developed? be presented with a PowerPoint presentation about STIs. | (What will the adult| They will then get into groups of four and discuss what they have| be doing? What will| just seen and learnt. In addition to this in their groups of four, they| the children be| will have to make a poster on a chosen STI, leaflets and handouts| doing? )| will be given to them. After given the teenagers one hour to do that| | they would be allowed to feedback to the rest of the class. This| | allows the whole class to gain more knowledge and as it is group| | work allows the shyest of teenager participate. | | Resources:| Leaflets/Handouts| | Felt tips| | A3 sugar paper| | PowerPoint presentation| | http://www. nhs. uk/LiveWell/SexualHealth/Pages/Sexualhealthhome. | | aspx| | http://www. condomessentialwear. co. uk/| | http://www. ruthinking. co. uk/| | http://sexperienceuk. channel4. com/| Key vocabulary/| STIs| questions:| | How will individual| By allowing children to walk out the class if they don’t feel| needs be met? | comfortable. | (Differentiation)| | Plenary? | Get the teenagers to fill out a questionnaire about what they have| (How will you bring| learnt throughout the morning. | he activity to a| Give them leaflets about different STI’s and allow the posters they| close? How will you| have done to be put up so to inform over teenagers, this will also| focus on the purpose| allow them to feel that their work is appreciated and it wasn’t just a| of the activity? )| pointless activity. | | | D1) Routines can promote and maintain a healthy lifestyle: ? Mealtime routines support healthy eating as once babies are weaned, it is important for them to eat a variety of healthy foods. As babies are still developing their sense of taste it is important this is when it happens. As children get older they will have more of a preference of what they would like to eat, but new foods could still be introduced if the child helps to prepare them, this would also help them improve their self-confidence as they are eating something that they helped to make. If children help to lay the table at mealtimes this would help them gain independence. Mealtime routines can promote a balanced diet, by eating a variety of fruit and vegetables, bread, other cereals and potatoes, meat, fish and alternatives, milk and dairy foods, foods containing fat and sugar. Children are able to develop a strong, well formed body; they would have enough energy to keep warm and active, grow to their full potential height, maintain an appropriate weight for their height and age. Hygiene is interlinked with mealtime routines, as both adults and children should wash their hands after visiting the toilet, changing a nappy and giving a feed, by doing this they will be preventing the spread of germs. By the adults doing this they can become role models to the children, which encourages them to wash their hands. In addition to this it should be explained to children why they are washing their hands e. . they are dirty and may have germs on them. There should be soap and water for them to wash their hands and individual towels for the children to dry them, preventing the spread of germs. As children get older To allow children to have a structure, as children start to understand at certain times they will have to do activities. they should be encouraged to wash t heir hands and face by themselves, this allows them to gain independence. Furthermore it helps them with gaining confidence to wash when at home, as they have done it at nursery. Sleep/rest routines promote a healthy environment as when children are tired they become restless and irritable, where they find it hard to control their emotions. By having this sort of routine the children are able to unwind from the activities that they have done and allow their bodies to prepare for oncoming activities. Children need specific hours of sleep; this can be done with a sleep pattern throughout the day. This also helps the children as they know at certain times of the day it is time for them to sleep and unwind. When sleeping the body’s heart rate, bodily functions and breathing slow down meaning that when they wake they feel more refreshed and allows concentration, frame of mind and memory to function properly. If children are deprived from sleep it can cause the brain to suffer long deprivation. When children wake they may feel unsettled, so the child should be made to feel comforted. As the body loses water when it is asleep children should be offered a drink of water when woken. As well as children who are toilet trained should be familiar with the fact that when they wake they should use the toilet. Activities can promote and maintain a healthy lifestyle: ? In my first activity in E6 (cooking potatoes and vegetables) it interlinks with children having their 5-a-day, it also encourages them to help when preparing food. As potato is a vegetable it counts as one of their 5-a-day if a handful is eating. Even if a child is not keen on vegetables, when helping to prepare food the child is more likely to eat it. This is also a social event as the children are able to sit and talk together, which also develops respects for each other. In an everyday environment e. . a setting, practitioners could provide opportunities of different foods to children in a relaxed environment, which allows a unique chance to encourage healthy eating alongside the growth of educational and social skills. â€Å"Young people’s eating patterns can be shaped through a variety of routes. Schools offer most important opportunity for educating children on nutritional issues and facilitating and encouraging healthy eating patterns alongside the development of academic and social skills. † (Source: www. thesnackpack. net (2002)) When using the watercress in meals it is important that the children use their sense of smell, they will also enjoy the fact that they grew it themselves this links with the EYFS. C1) The reason for planning and implementing activities which contribute to promoting and maintaining a healthy lifestyle are: ? ?Planning activities help to identify children’s needs, and provide for them. E. g. a washing clothes activity, things such as fragrances and chemicals in the washing powder could make the child’s eczema flare up, so if an activity like this was to be planned biological soap powder would be preferred. This would help the practitioner plan, to every child’s need no matter the age or size. These plans should be established on the child’s abilities and be able to support them rather then on the age norms for the child. ?When planning trips the child to staff ratio is considered, as it is important that there are enough staff member, so that children are kept a watchful eye on and are in a safe environment. If there is not enough staff members this will not be possible and children are at a higher risk of going missing. They would also be able to look at activities that they have done before to see if improvements can be made for the next time. ?If activities are not planned correctly there can be risks associated with they activity, where children can be put in harm and danger. When making risk assessments it is important to: 1. Recognize the hazard/s (which is anything that may cause harm to yourself or the child? ) 2. Decide who the hazard may affect and how? 3. Evaluate the risks and decide on precautions. 4. Record the findings and put them into practice. 5. Review the risk assessment. By reviewing the assessment the practitioner would be able to see if it has got better, and if the hazard is still there, if anything needs changing it is possible. They will also be able to go back to the assessment if anything was to go wrong. ? When children have special needs, it is important to incorporate this with the planning of the setting. As they may need outside help to support the needs of the child. Child psychiatrists are an example of this as they work with children who are showing emotional and depression difficulties. As these doctors have been trained in mental health they specialise in helping children. This helps support children to develop in areas which they are struggling in but because of emotional difficulties are missing out on. E2/B1) There are several different legislations that support the rights of children to a healthy lifestyle and help to safeguard and underpin the rights of children in life. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child is one regulation that supports this. This regulation is an international agreement, which was drawn up in 1989; it applies to all children and young people under the age of 18 years. Article 2 (from the Little Book of Children’s Rights ; Responsibilities, given by Angela Marney on Wednesday 8th October 2008) says that â€Å"The convention applies to everyone, whatever their race, religion, abilities, whatever they think or say, whatever type of family they come from. † This article shows that practitioners and the government should be diverse when dealing with children. In addition to this it shows that children should be treated equally by adults no matter their race or colour as by doing this the children are learning by modelling the behaviour of the adult. If a child is not treated equally they may feel left out and it may emotionally distress the child, meaning that the child may feel different compared to the other children. Article 12 (from the Little Book of Children’s Rights ; Responsibilities, given by Angela Marney on Wednesday 8th October 2008) says, â€Å"Children have the right to say what they think should happen, when adults are making decisions that affect them, and to have their opinions taken into account. † This article shows that children’s opinions are important and should be taking into consideration and should be consulted hen their parents are separating, as the child should have a preference of who they stay with. As the child decision may not be final, it would be taking into consideration, when trying to make that final decision. Article 19 (from the Little Book of Children’s Rights ; Responsibilities, given by Angela Marney on Wednesday 8th October 2008) says, â€Å"Governments shou ld ensure that children are properly cared for, and protect them from violence, abuse and neglect by their parents, or anyone else who looks after them. This article is important as children should not be subjected to cruelty. Children are being subjected to cruelty by the same people that are meant to be protecting them from the world; no adult has the right to subject any child to this. The Children Act 1989 also helps to support the rights of children. â€Å"The Children Act 1989 covers the following: ?reforms the law relating to children; ?makes provision for local authority services for children in need and others; ? amends the law with respect to children’s homes, community home, voluntary homes and voluntary organisations; ? akes provision with respect to fostering, child minding and day care for young children and adoption, and for connected purposes. † (Source: http://www. dcsf. gov. uk/childrenactreport/ Accessed: 19/01/2009) It was updated in 2004 to include Every Child Matters: Change for Children, this was an approach to look for the well-being of children and young people from birth to 19 years. The aim of this is to make sure that every child, whether their background or their circumstances, to have the support they need to: ? Be healthy ?Stay safe Enjoy and achieve ?Make a positive contribution ?Achieve economic well-being. Any organisation that is involved with providing services for children, teams up to provide new ways to work together and share information to help protect children from harm and help them to achieve what they want in life. A1) My first experience was an afternoon trip to The Co-Operative. We took a group of children aged 2-3 years, after they had woken from there afternoon nap. The aim of the trip was to teach the children about the different fruit and vegetables. As there were only four children there was me and one member of staff, we both had two children, we walked as The Co- Operative wasn’t far from us. We made sure that the children had their coats so that they could stay warm. The only major barrier was that we had to cross the road, as there was a zebra crossing we used that. There was also a lollipop lady, we made sure that they looked left and right to see if any cars were coming and explained to them why we were doing this. When arriving at The Co-Operative we made sure that the children stayed close and were in eye sight at all times. When we found the fruit and vegetables, we asked them questions, such as if they knew what they were called and if they knew the colours of them. My second experience was a trip to the park; the children had finished their morning activities. There were three members of staff and me, we took a group of eight children, and like the first activity there were two children to each adult but this time the children’s ages ranged between 2-4 years. The reason for the trip was for the children to get some fresh air and to exercise. As it was a sunny day the children did not need coats but all had jumpers on. We had to cross the road at an island as this was the safest way. When arriving at the park the children were only allowed to play in the designated area, which we made sure that we supervised very strictly. My first experience to The Co-Operative linked to the planning of the setting as at the time they were reading the book Handa’s Surprise, and they were learning about all the different fruits that were in that book and we were also helping them learn new vegetables. It also helps them to improve on their vocabulary and counting as we asked them how many items we had at the end of their shopping trip. It encourages them to eat health, which relates to healthy eating. My second experience to the park was linked to the planning of the setting as they would usually go outside to play in the garden, so we decided to give them more space to run around. When walking back from the park we asked them if they enjoyed their time, what they played on and if they wanted to go back soon, which helped the children to extend their vocabulary. The trip to the park helped them to have a daily ose of exercise. The cultural and social factors that were considered is that no child is discriminated against, that none of the children where there were made to feel left out and that their opinions and needs were respected, so they were treated as individuals. No matter what their race, religion, age or ability. For the first experience we made sure that it was appropria te for the children’s age. The social factors that were considered were to make sure that they interacted with each other and us as the practitioners; we made sure that they held the practitioner hand so they were safe. We also made sure that they were interacting with other children and not just their usual circle of friends, by doing this the children got to build new relationships. It was important that children listened and followed the instructions and directions that were given to them by the practitioners; as if the instructions were not followed properly the children’s life could be put in danger. I feel that I was effective in both experiences as I asked the children questions, on the way back and asked them what they had remembered from the trip on the way back. I was able to follow the instructions given to me in a calm manner and explain to my supervisor how both experiences were when I returned. The children listened and interacted to each other and to us as practitioners without any problems. The fact that they were both small group I was able to give the children support and the attention they needed, which helps them with their concentration and listening skills. During both experiences I was able to interact with the children and staff and monitor the behaviour and what was happening with the children’s progress How to cite Unit 6 Healthy Environment, Essay examples

Saturday, May 2, 2020

Poverty and its Effects for Global Development

Question: Write about thePoverty and its Effects for Global Development. Answer: Poverty is regarded as a serious problem which is destroying the global development and leaving a serious impact on the vulnerable groups in the society of this world. Poverty means the lack of survival through the basic means. The poverty largely prevails in the developing nations especially in Africa and South Asia. The meaning of absolute poverty refers to the conditions which constitute lack of resources such as clothing, shelter and so forth which are regarded as the basic amenities for the source of survival (Macionis Plummer, 2015). The root of absolute poverty can be due to corruption, the increasing of the gap between rich and poor as well as the political unrest. The aim of the essay is to discuss the impact of the poverty on refugees, children women and elderly people living in the society. Absolute poverty leaves poor impact on the children group, who are considered to be the important vulnerable part of the society. The research on psychology demonstrates that having an impact of absolute poverty over the children is carrying a wider range of poor effects within their school, home and neighborhoods. Poverty on the children are associated with the poor conditions such as inadequate nutrition, food insecurity, lack of child care, neighborhoods who are not safe and the schools which are under resourced, which leaves a deep impact on the nation (James Prout, 2015). The poorer children and the teens also suffer from greater risks for many negative outcomes such as poor academic successes, dropouts from school, neglect and abuse and these are the problems which the children and their families face when they are trying to enter the mental care. Poverty also leaves adverse effects on the results of the academy especially in the early childhood. Poverty affects the academic gap, which influences the low- income African and Hispanic children while they are being compared with the white people (James Prout, 2015). Out of malnutrition and starvation, the children face poor physical health in comparison to the children who are not poor children such as low weight at birth, the stunting of growth. The effect of poverty influences the health and nutrition of the children which are cognitive ability, achievements in schools as already mentioned before (Ball, 2012).These kinds of deep and persistent poverty are affecting this important vulnerable group, the children who are the future of nations. In this context, steps must be taken immediately by the countries in order to provide them a safety future ahead (Giddens et al., 2016). The absolute poverty also leaves a huge impact on the refugees, face poverty and there are disadvantages in respect to this which are being similar to the marginalized groups in the society. This incorporates problems of low income having access to the services and as well paid employment and the attitudes which are challenging in nature especially to those living in the low income (Ball, 2012). Other than this, the refugees or the asylum seekers also suffer from extra challenges, which further incorporate the following general problems such as the refugees get a much lower levels of social benefits than the population as a whole and they are being depended on the provisions for costs of energy and housing from the particular country where they are staying as a refugee. Restricting on the employment for the refugees are seen as a contributing factor to the risk of the poverty. The changes which have been done in the system of asylum, means in the year 2002, the refugees are not being permitted to enter paid employment while their claim is processed, which in turn increases the vulnerability of poverty in the life of refugees (Ball, 2012). The means of exploitation and disrespecting the importance that women carry in the world are the main effects of poverty on them. Other than the children, women are the important ones who are being badly affected out of the poverty specially in the continent of Africa and other developing nations. The reason behind this is that most of the families prefer to give education to their male children and as a result, the illiteracy among the women is increasing (Cunningham Cunningham, 2014). The effects of poverty on the women are where the girl child are being forced to enter early marriages. The effect of poverty where the people are tended to be violent and they carry out their own violent behavior on the women and the communities. The women who are living in the poverty and generally facing violent behavior or they become the victims of the domestic violence because they are being felt that they are powerless and they are being treated inferior to their own partners (Kendall, 2012). The poverty has made the women to depend on their working of husbands and these results of being prisoners of their own husbands. According to the estimation calculated by the World Health Organization, it has been found that 37% of the African women experience sexual and physical violence. Poverty also left a deep impact on the health status of women due to the decrease of income which is finally not helping them to have better mental as well as health treatment. However, both women and men suffers from the effects of poverty, a huge number of women are being badly affected because out of the effects of poverty due to the increase of feminization in the shares of poverty. Due to the low income, the women are being forced into cert ain illegal jobs to income more money they also start taking drugs in order to ease their frustration of their merciless lives (Kendall, 2012). The effect of poverty on the elderly people is also extreme. It can be stated that the elderly rural people suffer from higher rates of the poverty than the elderly urban and the areas at rural tend to have a greater percentages of old people in their total population than the counterparts in the urban areas (Biddle, 2014). These higher numbers are out of the economic pressures are as well affecting the health of these elder people and even in the developing countries like Africa and India, the elderly people after the age of 60s still continue their work in the field, without caring about the factors and impacts of their age. The elderly people are also judged on the basis of color. The Asian Americans, who are having different skin color, basically, who are not white are devoid of social security as compared to the white (Biddle, 2014). However, in the country like United Kingdom as well, where after BREXIT, the economic situation has deteriorated; there would more adverse effects on the health of the people. The elder people living in poverty do not get material or financial support from friends and families (Chatzitheochari Arber, 2012). The poor health of the elder people have pushed them down through the imposition of the extra costs of living means and also underestimating the ability of the respondents in order to live independently. As with the increase of expenditure, the older people or the older pensioners, however they live a very restricted life from the financial point of view, in order to decrease their cost of living. The poverty is also leading to the sharp rise in the deaths in winter. The elderly people, who are living in the slums, suffer much health problems and this lead to the increase of deaths during the winter season (Biddle, 2014). Therefore, it can be concluded that absolute poverty affects negatively the vulnerable groups of the nations. The poverty is on the rise and this is affecting the future of the nation. The government needs to stay conscious about the growth of poverty and must come forward to help these groups out of absolute poverty. References Ball, S. J. (2012).Politics and policy making in education: Explorations in sociology. Routledge. Biddle, B. (2014).Social class, poverty and education. Routledge. Chatzitheochari, S., Arber, S. (2012). Class, gender and time poverty: a time?use analysis of British workers free time resources.The British journal of sociology,63(3), 451-471. Cunningham, J., Cunningham, S. (2014).Sociology and social work. Learning Matters. Giddens, A., Duneier, M., Appelbaum, R. P., Carr, D. S. (2016).Introduction to sociology. WW Norton. James, A., Prout, A. (Eds.). (2015).Constructing and reconstructing childhood: Contemporary issues in the sociological study of childhood. Routledge. Kendall, D. (2012).Sociology in our times. Cengage Learning. Macionis Plummer. (2012). Sociology: A global introduction (5th ed.). Pearson Education, Essex, UK

Monday, March 23, 2020

I Love Yous Are for White People free essay sample

I love Yous Are for white People I love Yous Are for White People is a memoir about Lacs journey and his family immigrated to America from Vietnam, after the Vietnams War. Lacs family had to deal with cultural shock, language barrier, and difficulty finding jobs. As a Vietnamese immigration myself, I feel like Lacs experiences live through me because there were a lot of similarities in his memoir compared to my past experiences with my parents. Lacs family and many immigrations families had the same circumstances, that had a hard time adapting to a new cultural, and establish a new life in America. As the result, this environment played a significant role on family conflict, and add to the authoritarian parenting method. This was impacted greatly on Lacs childhood life as he mentioned throughout his memoir. I believe the authors main message to the reader is that immigrant parents do their best to parent their children the best they can as they transition into a new culture and life in the United States. We will write a custom essay sample on I Love Yous Are for White People or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page But the parentings method sometimes will lead to unhealthy relationship between parents and children. This main message is revealed through many scenes of brutal discipline, emotional reactions, and verbal abuse. Unlike the Westerns culture, Vietnamese immigrant parents use the authoritarian parent method to discipline children and often time its leading to family conflict that can have a mental impact on children. According to Perception of Vietnamese Fathers Acculturation Levels, Parenting Styles, and Mental Health Outcomes in Vietnamese American Adolescent Immigrants by Nguyen, Peter V, under VIETNAMESE ADOLESCENTS AND THEIR PARENTS section, it states that Once landed in the United States, these parents must quickly adapt to the new and foreign economic system and immediately attempt to find jobs so they may rebuild their lives and provide for the family. Vocationally, most Vietnamese parents experience a drop in status by accepting mediocre jobs with low wages and begin working in fields that are unfamiliar to them (Zhou Bankston, 1998). This can be a humiliating experience for many parents, which is worsened by their lack of knowledge about the English language. Along the process, most Vietnamese parents must deal with the unfamiliarity of U. S. culture, values, and rules in the working environment and the potential for discrimination. . This section of the article is discussing how Vietna mese immigration parents can be overly stress , and add to the authoritarian parenting method. This kind of behavior from parents can have a negative affecting on children. In fact, it only discourage children from striving for success knowing that there will be no rewards but only criticism. This is reflected Lacs experiences throughout his memoir. Lacs journey began when his family settled on Western Avenue in Hollywood, California. Pa has high expectations on Lac because Pa has a hard time adapting to a new culture, and difficulty finding jobs. So Pa wants Lac to mature beyond his age, and become independent. But the only way Pa knows to help Lac achieves that goal is based on his past experiences through brutal discipline and tough love. During one of the their usual tutoring sessions, Lac experiences extreme physical and emotional abuse from Pa. Pa abuses Lac emotionally with his words, and physically with the bamboo stick because Lac is not performing up to Pas standards. La describes his fathers temper as a firecracker with a testy fuse(62). Lac list and endless list of weapons choices that his father uses to beat him. These weapons include plastic rod from mini blind, spatula, rice bowl, a radio antenna, and a wooden yardstick. Despite Pas efforts, Lac feels like it didnt help him become any smarter from the beating. He feels like Pa wants him to become a man even though he havent finish the third grade yet. He realizes his relationship with his dad as The small doses of nurturing that Ive learned to wait for and cherish are no more. Like sandy cliffs along the seashore, theyve eroded away with time. At this age, Lac needs nurture from his father just like any other children waiting for their parents to nurture them. And when their parents are not fulfill their childrens emotional needs, then children will give up. That is the sign of emotional abuse that Lac had encountered in such at a young age. One evening, during dinner time, Lac once again experience physical abuse from his dad. Pa beaten and threaten to kill Lac because he refuses to feed the dog. As Lac re-lived through that intense moment feeling confuse and hopeless, I run the evenings events through my head over and over again, trying to figure out what the hell just happened to me. With no reasonable explanation to be found(161). Like a quicksand(162), Lac feels like he would never lived up to Pas expectations because of harsh criticism from Pa, even though he has tried his best to impress and striving to meet Pas expectations, yet that still is not enough to satisfy Pa. Lac recalls The harder I try to get to the top, the more Im sucked back down by his unrelenting criticism(162). This behavior is more common among Vietnamese parents, but not so much in Westerns societies. According to Perception of Vietnamese Fathers Acculturation Levels, Parenting Styles, and Mental Health Outcomes in Vietnamese American Adolescent Immigrants by Nguyen, Peter V, under PARENTING TYPOLOGY section. In general, the authoritative parenting method of parenting has higher levels of self-esteem, well-developed sense of self, and independent and confident qualities. However, the author discovered that this type of parenting may have more negative effect on the Vietnamese children because of the culture clash that they face every day. Vietnamese American children living in a heterogeneous U. S society are exposed to the Western style life outside of their homes and must abide by the traditional Eastern culture at home. In Lacs case, this parenting typology shows that its only hurt Vietnamese adolescent more than helping them to achieve independent and confident qualities. I think Vietnamese parenting method can be excessive for their adolescents. It is more harmful for their children development then helping them, and could impact on the outcomes of their decisions making in life. For example, like the â€Å"Rats† gang in Lacs memoir, these individuals also dealing with harsh criticism and brutal discipline just like Lac . One of the gang member said Thats why we thugs. Nobody wants us and we want nobody. We rats dirty, hungry, and looking for something crazy to get into. (161) This rebellions behavior causes by their parents authoritarian method. That make them feel unwanted and abandoned because of the way that their parents is treating them. But I believe this can be improved through levels of education, two-ways communications, and counseling. After all, Lac has survived through his painful childhood life and became a successful man as Pa has envisioned, when they moved to United States. Work sited list: Perceptions of Vietnamese Fathers Acculturation Levels, Parenting Styles, and Mental Health Outcomes in Vietnamese American Adolescent Immigrants Author:  Nguyen, Peter V Publication info:  Social Work 53. 4 (Oct 2008): 337-46. I Love Yous Are For White People Author: Lac Su Chapter 4. p62 Chapter 10. p161-162

Friday, March 6, 2020

Connell and OConnell Surname Origin and Meaning

Connell and O'Connell Surname Origin and Meaning In Ireland, the surname Connell or OConnell is an Anglicized form of the famous Gaelic clan name OConaill, meaning strong as a wolf, from the Gaelic siol cuin or siol con which translates as descendant of Connall or Con. The name possibly derives from cà º (con) meaning hound or wolf, and gal meaning valour. In Ulster the Connell surname may also have derived from MacConn, an Anglicized form of the name Mac Mhiolchon, meaning son of the hound-like one. Connell may also be a modern Scottish surname for Congal or Congual. Connell is one of 50 common Irish surnames of modern Ireland. Alternate Surname Spellings:  Connal, Connell, Connall, OConnell, Cannell, Conell, OConnall, Conall Interesting Facts About the Connell Surname Three distinct OConnell clans, located in the provinces of Connacht, Ulster, and Munster, are the originators of many of the Connell families in Clare, Galway, Kerry. Famous People With the Surname Connell and O'Connell Daniel OConnell - Irish politician and statesman, known as the Liberator.Evan S. Connell - American novelist.Richard Edward Connell -  American author and journalist, best known for his short story The Most Dangerous Game. Genealogy Resources for the Surname Connell O'Connell Check out these great resources for learning more about the Connell name: Explore background information and history on various early OConnell families in Ireland at the geography and history of the Connell surname through the British Surname Profiler. This free online database based on a University College London (UCL) project investigating the distribution of surnames in Great Britain, both current and historic.The Connell Family Genealogy Forum allows you to search this popular genealogy forum for the Connell surname to find others who might be researching your ancestors, or post your own Connell surname query.Find historical records, queries, and lineage-linked family trees posted for the Connell surname and its variations at hosts several free mailing lists for researchers of the Connell surname.Cousin Connect  allows you to read or post genealogy queries for the surname Connell, and sign up for free notification when new Connell queries are is full of free databases and genea logy links for the last name Connell. References Cottle, Basil. Penguin Dictionary of Surnames. Baltimore, MD: Penguin Books, 1967. Menk, Lars. A Dictionary of German Jewish Surnames. Avotaynu, 2005. Beider, Alexander. A Dictionary of Jewish Surnames from Galicia. Avotaynu, 2004. Hanks, Patrick and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford University Press, 1989. Hanks, Patrick. Dictionary of American Family Names. Oxford University Press, 2003. Smith, Elsdon C. American Surnames. Genealogical Publishing Company, 1997.

Tuesday, February 18, 2020

Grammar and Composition Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Grammar and Composition - Essay Example Drafting - Organization Sheet Three-Step Format for Thesis Statement: Specific Support for Paragraph #1: Experience with test Specific Support for Paragraph #2: Experience with professors Specific Support for Paragraph #3: Experience with paper work Drafting - Organization Sheet Thesis Statement with Three-Step Format: I am me because of the valuable lessons and choices that I have made and learned through my tests, my professors, and my papers. Drafting - Organization Sheet Introduction - reader's attention and states thesis statement Paragraph #1 But the drive to learn should exist in all of us nevertheless Drafting - Organization Sheet The last sentence of the first paragraph And yes, it is a conscious effort on my part to go through all of these experiences. Drafting - Organization Sheet Paragraph #2 (first point of your thesis) I wasn’t born good in math Drafting - Organization Sheet Paragraph #3 (second point of your thesis) A certain professor while teaching me about th e important of sacrifice, studying and success, stated that students learn at different rates. Paragraph #4 a.) Explain how the third point is developed in this paragraph. The third point is about how I did my essays and term papers. b.) What is good about this paragraph? What is good about this paragraph is the way it is written- it has than already enlightened tone in contrast to the second paragraph where the tone sounds dreary. c.) How could this paragraph be improved? Drafting - Organization Sheet Paragraph #5 (conclusion) In the end, what makes each of us really different is our choice to always have the drive to improve, to learn and to surpass oneself. Drafting - Organization Sheet The last sentence (End with a clincher) I choose to be me and that in the world makes all the difference. (wordplay) Five-Paragraph Essay Revision Sheet Paragrap